Following the analysis of the philosophical, social, educational and history sources on education, the research paper aims at examining a school uniform in terms of communal expression. With this end in view, the theoretical part of the paper sets forth the main tasks to find out characteristics of communal expression in society and of developinga sense of belonging to a schoolcommunity; to establishsocial and cultural factors which determined historical and stylistic features of a school uniform; and to assess the significance of a school uniform as the community consolidating factor in terms of education, society and aesthetics.
The last part of the paper presents the empirical data. The study aims at identifying the communal aspects of a school uniform from the view of school community members.
The paper ends with the four conclusions summarising theoretical and empirical parts of the research.
With the sweeping social reforms, the development of a sense of belonging to a community is becoming a challenging task and a matter of concern for social science. Communal expression depends on social, ethic, moral and aesthetic competencies and skills of a person. Thus a school is considered to be a starting point for the purposeful development of the aforementioned capacities. On the other hand, a school represents a specific community which brings together people of different age, status and level of education. Hence the culture created by this community and related to its history, traditions, environment and the latest developments takes on a particular significance for communal expression.
A school uniform has been representing a national educational system since the time of its introduction. Its components and small accessories creating stylistic unity provide a direct reflection of a system of values inherent in society. The purpose of the school uniform developed over the period of time is to mark a social status of a community member and to create a unified image of the organisation.
The empirical data show that apart from the historically developed role of a school uniform, it also develops the standards of aesthetic taste, creates the environment favourable for learning, and empowers the process of socialisation. Members of school communitiessee these functions as a result of individualism, hedonism and pluralism which form the outlooks of modern society.
The research paper cites 162 sources and has 4 appendices containing the questionnaire for the interviews, the questionnaire for the polls of parents and teachers, and 72 pictures.
Raktažodžiai: school community, school uniform, communal education