In 2006 an analysis on the condition of the children’s custody (care) system was performed and a conclusion was drawn that usually the children who have lost parental custody had originated from the families which belong to social risk. Also it was noticed that the number of persons wishing to adopt or foster is decreasing. After the analysis of the children’s custody network in Lithuania has been performed, it has also been noticed that this network does not correspond to the needs of a child and his / her biological family both in the geographical and services senses. Therefore in 2007 the strategy on the reorganization of children’s custody (care) system was approved as well as the plan on optimisation of children’s custody network. The main hypothesis of the research: Although children’s custody (care) system’s reorganization strategy is designed to solve the essential problems of the system, but due to the improper formulation of the problem it solves only formal problem, i.e. that of EIII type (improperly / badly formulated). For the reasoning/denying of the hypothesis, W. N. Dunn’s model on the analysis of assumption has been applied, implying surrogate and perspective models of politics. Also D. Stone’s approach on the creation of numbers in the pole is used and their influence to the formation of a misleading problem (problem of EIII type) is interpreted. The second hypothesis – if the problem in the children’s custody (care) system’s reorganisation strategy is formulated in the surrogate politics model and thus a problem of EIII type is solved, thus, wishing to solve the formulated problem correctly, it is necessary to follow the perspective politics model. Conclusions: • the problem was formulated and the means for its solution were chosen which do not enable the solution of the essential problems of children’s custody system and thus only the formal problem is solved. Thus the man hypothesis of the research has been proved that the strategy of children’s custody (care) system’s reorganisation solves a problem of EIII type. • After the including of non-revealed assumptions into the possible mechanism of problem formulation it was noticed that the formulation of the problem is changing as well as the methods of its solution; but at the same time it becomes clear that this formulation of the problem may solve essential problems of children’s custody (care) system. Therefore the second hypothesis of the research, stating that a formal problem of EIII type is formulated and solved in the surrogate politics model, has also been confirmed; however, in order to solve the essential problem, the perspective politics model should be used. Recommendations: • The strategy on children’s custody (care) system’s reorganization was prepared for 2007-2012, the plan on children’s custody homes network was prepared until 2015. The strategy projects that every two years the Ministry of Social Security and Labour analyses and provides the report on the implementation of the strategy. The first report was prepared in 2008. Nevertheless, this report also evaluates only statistical changes, but no deeper qualitative analysis is performed. For this purpose the aid provided by independent experts might be used. • New children’s care specialists should be selected, requalified or employed not only for individual work with children, but also with their families seeking to return the child into his / her biological family and in case of no such possibility and if no adoptive parents or guardians will be found, it is recommended not to provide social services to a child but to develop his / her for comprehensive independent life. • To establish the term of temporary custody until the term of one year. • To continue intensive developing of the PRIDE training network.
Raktažodžiai: vaiko globa (rūpyba), globos formos (institucinė, šeimyna, šeima), įvaikinimas, globos rūšys (laikinoji, nuolatinė), socialinės rizikos šeima, vaiko globos (rūpybos) reorganizavimo strategija, vaikų globos namų įstaigų tinklas, vaikų globos namai, reforma, EIII tipo problema, surogatinis ir perspektyvinis politikos modeliai, skaičių kūrimas polyje, globos reorganizavimo modelis. Darbe naudojami trumpiniai: Vaiko teisių apsaugos ir įvaikinimo tarnyba – VTAIT Vaiko teisių apsaugos tarnyba (skyrius) – VTAT LR Socialinės apsaugos ir darbo ministerija – SADM Vaikų globos namai - VGN