The title of the thesis – The activity of News Agencies ELTA and BNS. The case of LEO. When there were no tools of mass communication, the news were spreading from lip to lip. During last centuries the act of news communication rapidly grew up, building up our attitude towards everything that is going around us. Meanwhile, the news agencies take very important positions in building up social reality, because it is the place where news born, and after that they are being put into the context that is needed and released. Today news agencies have very important functions: to take a part in building up reality, to publicize topical events and to be the important tool in spreading the moral values of the society. The main thing analysed in this project is how the news agencies BNS and ELTA give news about one of the most controversial events in Lithuania – the creation of project of LEO LT.
The purpose of this project is to compare the content of BNS and ELTA reports about LEO LT and to estimate if there are any subjectivity in text messages, which shows up from the appreciable elements, choosing information, ways of presentation and etc. During the interview with the heads of the news agencies, it is being tried to ascertain, what are the criterions of sorting out and giving the news, tendencies of creating news, principles of news agencies working, how many and what events, having a connection with the case of LEO LT, gives two agencies.
The objects of this research project are the reports from BNS and ELTA for mass communication about the case of LEO LT and the information given in messages of agencies mentioned above, the accuracy of information and the ways of giving it.
The first task is to explain what expression gets the ideology of messages in sites of agencies, also, how it unfolds through the appreciable elements of the text. Having taken look at scientific literature, it is clearly seen that reports, stories, messages, which are being spread by agencies have a big part of our social identities. Forasmuch, that there cannot be any perfect objection in choosing the news and searching for the words to describe them. So even if it cannot be felt there are still some appreciating words in the text: appreciating words with connotations, reticence on information and etc. The appreciating elements mentioned above are being researched in the texts of agencies trying to estimate if they are objective enough.
The criterions of choosing news, ways and methods of BNS and ELTA are being ascertained by the method of structural interview, which is the second task of the work. Comparing answers of the heads of both agencies, it is ascertain that news are being sorted out according to criterions of the importance and the topicality for the society and then the agency estimates if it is important or not by itself.
The first hypothesis that the news agencies sort out and give news according to the steady criterions, special ways and methods proved out.
The third task is to compare the tendency of giving the messages and differences between them on the grounds of scientific investigations. It was estimated that different agencies often interpret the same message differently. Because the attitude of the writer towards the particular event, person or political group, may be gained long time ago and it can be even not appreciable, but it may appear in reports.
The second hypothesis in the project that news agencies give the question and the portraits of participants in an angle that agencies want to proved out partially.
The fourth task of the project was to analyse differences and similarities between the news transmitted in BNS and ELTA and to compare how these two agencies treat the events, that have connection with the case of LEO LT, what connotations (positive or negative) heroes of the events are being described and what angle has the attitude towards the problem. It is estimated that there is not much of direct estimation through the appreciable words having negative shades of meaning were found in various quotations of politicians or other persons who had a connection with LEO LT. So we cannot say that the news of agencies is always with a particular prejudice.
On purpose to make texts of the reports more objective it is recommended to give two attitudes towards the same thing, two sides with different opinions. Then the reader may make the opinion about a particular event.
Raktažodžiai: ELTA, BNS, news agencies, LEO LT