Farming lands are components of the tamed landscape which, being natural and cultural, have big impact on our life. From time immemorial humans and nature were understood as indivisible whole, which is very important for both rural and urban inhabitants. The change of every country’s farming lands is connected with social, economical as well as ecological processes occurring in them.
The aim of the work was to analyse the change of the farming lands of agrarian and urban landscape in the territory of Middle Lithuania as well as to investigate how farming lands depend upon landscape position, social and economic conditions, density of inhabitants and other factors. During the investigation work, the analysis of the change of farming lands had been distributed into five stages, i.e. the land fund data had been analysed according to the main objective land use purpose in the districts of Middle Lithuania.
In Lithuania, the area occupied by agricultural farming lands on the average decreases by approx. 2 thousand ha every year, the area of urbanized territory increased as many. During 9 years the smallest changes in the areas of agricultural farming lands had been fixed in Kėdainiai and Kaunas districts, whereas the largest ones had been noticed in Vilkaviškis district (decreased by 1.5%). The areas of forests are increasing in the districts of Middle Lithuania. In Joniškis district they increased by 1.6%, in Panevėžys district – by 2.2%, in Kėdainiai and Kaunas districts – by 1.9%, in Vilkaviškis district – by 1.7%. The areas of water bodies are changing insignificantly in these districts. The largest changes can be noticed in Joniškis district, where the area of the land of water purpose has decreased and occupies only 1.7% of the territory. The least amounts of the land used for other purposes are situated in Joniškis district (1.9%) and Kėdainiai district (1.9%). The largest areas of such lands are situated in Vilkaviškis (5.8%), Kaunas (3.7%) and Panevėžys (2.8%) districts.
The urbanized territories occupy the largest area, i.e. 32.5% in the structure of the farming lands of Lithuanian towns; forests, shrubs and green plantations occupy 24.0%; agricultural farming lands occupy 22.2%, roads – 15.1% and water bodies – 6.2%. In these latter years the types of urban and urbanized landscape are spreading rather rapidly. In Lithuania, there are even eleven towns which area exceeds 1000 ha. After the reestablishment of Independence the total area of urbanized lands or urban-type landscape is constantly increasing and at present totals approx. 10% of the country’s territory.
Raktažodžiai: farming lands, land fund, landscape, urbanized territories.